Eye Inflammation

Table of Contents

Eye inflammation is a condition where one or both eyes become inflamed. This condition can become serious if not treated. 

There are different treatments for eye inflammation, many of which include medicine. The Rx Advocates want to help you better afford the medications you need so your eye inflammation does not get out of control.

A Look at Eye Inflammation

Eye inflammation, also called uveitis, is a general group of conditions that affect the eyes. They cause inflammation, redness, and pain in one or both eyes. Eye inflammation can affect any part of the eye: 

  • Sclera: The outer white part.
  • Uvea: The middle layer. This includes the iris, choroid, and ciliary body.
  • Retina: The inner layer. This is where the eyes sense light and colors. The retina sends images to the brain. 

Eye inflammation can affect people of all ages. A slightly higher risk has been found for those between the ages of 40 and 60 and for women.

Different Types of Eye Inflammation

There are a few different types of inflammatory eye diseases. Those are:

  • Uveitis: This is a general term for eye inflammation. This affects the uvea. It can be acute (short term) or chronic (long term). It can be a serious condition that could lead to permanent vision loss.
  • Keratitis: This is also called a corneal ulcer as it affects the cornea. This is the clear, dome-shaped area that covers the iris and pupil in the front of the eyes. This is caused by infections from fungi, bacteria, parasites, or viruses.
  • Conjunctivitis: Also called pink eye, this affects the conjunctiva. That is the clear mucous membrane inside the eyelid and covering the white part of the eye. In the U.S., this is the most common eye infection.
  • Thyroid Eye Disease (TED): Also known as Graves’ ophthalmopathy or Graves’ Eye Disease. This is an autoimmune disease that stimulates fat and muscle production behind the eye. It causes swelling and inflammation. It is typically caused by an overactive thyroid gland.

Eye Inflammation Causes

Researchers have not pinpointed a clear cause for eye inflammation, in general. 

However, some cases have been linked to uveitis. 

  • Autoimmune disease:
    • Multiple sclerosis
    • Ulcerative colitis
    • Lupus
    • AIDS
    • Psoriasis
    • Ankylosing spondylitis
    • Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease
    • Bechet’s disease
    • Sarcoidosis
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Infections:
    • Shingles
    • Histoplasmosis
    • Toxoplasmosis
    • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis
    • Reactive arthritis
    • Syphilis
    • Lyme disease
    • Cat-scratch fever
  • Certain cancers that affect the eye such as lymphoma
  • Inflammatory diseases such as Crohn’s
  • Injuries or surgeries

Symptoms of Eye Inflammation

There are a few signs and symptoms of eye inflammation. Those include: 

  • Blurry vision
  • Floating spots in the eyes
  • Eye pain
  • Red eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Decreased vision

Treatments

Eye inflammation can usually be treated with medicine. This could include: 

  • Antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals treat an infection that could be the cause of the inflammation
  • Eye drops
  • Steroidal anti-inflammatories
  • Immunosuppressants

It could also be treated with injections around the eye or by surgery. 

If not treated properly and promptly, eye inflammation can lead to blindness.

Medications

Many different medications can be prescribed for eye inflammation. Those include: 

Help With Medications

At The Rx Advocates, we understand that medications can be expensive. We want to help people keep eye inflammation under control. We can do this by helping you afford your medications.


Sources:

  1. Cleveland Clinic. Uveitis. February 23, 2021. Available at: myclevelandclinic.org.
  2. Prevent Blindness. Eye Diseases & Conditions. July 2022. Available at: preventblindness.org.
  3. National Eye Institute. Uveitis. November 16, 2021. Available at: nei.nih.gov.
  4. Eye & Lasik Center. Why you need to take eye inflammation seriously. April 15, 2020. Available at: eyeandlasik.com.
  5. Patient. Anti-inflammatory Eye Preparations. January 14, 2022. Available at: patient.info.
  6. Drugs.com. Dexamethasone. October 19, 2021. Available at: drugs.com.
  7. Drugs.com. Fluorometholone ophthalmic. November 4, 2021. Available at: drugs.com.
  8. MedlinePlus. Prednisolone Ophthalmic. September 15, 2017. Available at: medlineplus.gov.
  9. Drugs.com. Rimexolone. January 13, 2022. Available at: drugs.com.
  10. Drugs.com. Azelastine nasal. January 21, 2021. Available at: drugs.com.
  11. Drugs.com. Olopatadine ophthalmic. December 8, 2020. Available at: drugs.com.
  12. Drugs.com. Epinastine ophthalmic. June 2, 2022. Available at: drugs.com.
  13. Drugs.com. Ketotifen ophthalmic. April 29, 2022. Available at: drugs.com.
  14. Drugs.com. Lodoxamide ophthalmic. June 30, 2021. Available at: drugs.com.
  15. Drugs.com. Emedastine (Ophthalmic). February 7, 2022. Available at: drugs.com.
  16. Drugs.com. Diclofenac. June 7, 2022. Available at: drugs.com.
  17. Drugs.com. Flurbiprofen. June 24, 2021. Available at: drugs.com.
  18. Drugs.com. Nepafenac Ophthalmic. December 28, 2021. Available at: drugs.com.
  19. GEM Clinic. About Anti-Inflammatory Eye Drops. July 2022. Available at: gemclinic.ga.
  20. Drugs.com. Maxidex (ophthalmic). November 18, 2021. Available at: drugs.com.

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