Birth Control

Table of Contents


Birth control is a method used to prevent unwanted pregnancy. It can also be used to treat other medical conditions.

There are varying methods which include reversible methods, barrier methods, and permanent methods. Each method has different possible health benefits and side effects.

What are the Benefits?

Preventing unwanted pregnancy is what birth control is for. But, there are also non-contraceptive benefits that you may not be aware of, such as:

What are the Different Methods?

There are different methods for birth control. These include reversible methods, barrier methods, and permanent methods. Deciding which method would be beneficial to you depends on your needs and lifestyle.

Reversible Methods

These reversible methods prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg. Which then prevents sperm from fertilizing the egg. The types of options available include:

  • The birth control pill
  • The patch
  • The vaginal ring

Another option is long-acting reversible contraceptives. This means you can receive it once and the effects last for a longer period.

Examples of this include the shot. This contains a hormone found in some birth control pills (progestin). You can get the shot administered in the doctor’s office once every three months.

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) are ‘T’ shaped devices placed in the uterus. There are hormonal IUDs and Copper IUDs. You must have a healthcare professional place the device. Depending on the type of IUD chosen, it can remain effective for 3-10 years.

Barrier Methods

The barrier method works by blocking sperm from entering the cervix. This results in not fertilizing an egg. You can buy most of these at a local drug store:

  • Male condom
  • Female condom
  • Diaphragm
  • Sponge with spermicide

Lifestyle Methods

Making certain lifestyle decisions can lower the risk of unwanted pregnancy.

Some choose the fertility awareness method. This method is when a woman tracks her window of fertility and then abstains from sex during that period.

If you are breastfeeding you can use the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM). You can use this method until the baby has reached 6-12 months old. This method has very specific rules to be effective.

Permanent Methods

Permanent methods can be non-reversible that you can consider. These include female tubal ligation and male vasectomy.

MethodTypesTypical Failure RateMedication NameCommon Side Effects
ReversibleThe Pill7%






Nausea, headaches, spotting, mood changes, weight gain
 The Patch7%Twirla vs. XulaneApplication site disorders, nausea, headache, weight gain
 Vaginal Ring7%NuvaringHeadache, decreased sex drive, menstrual cramps, breast tenderness, nausea, acne, weight gain
 The Shot4%Depo-Provera

Irregular menstrual periods or no periods at all, headaches, Depression, acne,

weight gain,


 IUD0.1-0.8%Skyla, ParagardAnemia, spotting, vaginal irritation, vaginal discharge, backache
BarrierMale Condom13%Trojan, Skyn
 Female Condom21%Uniq, P.S.
 Diaphragm17%Nurx, CayaUTI, vaginal irritation
 Sponge14-27%Today SpongeToxic Shock Syndrome
PermanentTubal Ligation0.5%
 Fertility Awareness2-23%
 Lactation AmenorrheaUnknown

How Can You Get Birth Control?

At The Rx Advocates, we can help you get birth control for yourself. We will work with you and your doctors. We will follow up with the pharmaceutical companies. And we will continue to help you once you are approved.

Please contact us to get help with your prescriptions today.

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  5. Office on Women’s Health. Endometriosis. February 22, 2022. Available at
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  7. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Contraception. January 13, 2022. Available at
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  10. Drugs. Nuvaring Uses, Dosage & Side Effects. May 24, 2022. Available at
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  12. My Cleveland Clinic. Depo-Provera® (Birth Control Shot). May 12, 2021.
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  14. Paragard. What is Paragard? 2022. Available at
  15. Medical News Today. Can you get pregnant using the pull-out method? May 39, 2020. Available at
  16. Seasonique. June 14, 2021. Available at
  17. Apri. February 14, 2021. Available at
  18. Yaz. June 14, 2021. Available at
  19. Jencycla. August 30, 2022. Available at

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